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UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Although many risk factors for kidney cancer cannot be controlled (such as age, race and family history), taking steps to improve your health may help reduce your risk of kidney cancer.

Preventive measures include:

  • Quit smoking. Many options for quitting exist, including support programs, medications and nicotine replacement products. Discuss your options with your physician.
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables. Eating a variety of fruits and vegetables can help ensure you are getting all the nutrients that your body needs. Replacing some of your snacks and side dishes with fruits and vegetables may help you lose weight, which also has long-term health benefits.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. If you're overweight or obese, reduce the number of calories you consume each day and try to exercise most days of the week. Ask your doctor about other healthy strategies to help you lose weight.
  • Control high blood pressure. Ask your doctor to check your blood pressure at your next appointment. If your blood pressure is high, you can discuss options for lowering your numbers. Lifestyle measures such as exercise, weight loss and diet changes can help, as can medications to lower their blood pressure.
  • Reduce or avoid exposure to environmental toxins. If you work with toxic chemicals, take the necessary precautions to protect yourself, such as wearing a mask and heavy gloves. In the United States, your employer is required to tell you what chemicals you may be exposed to on the job. Follow your employer's safety procedures, and ask your doctor if there are other ways to protect yourself from chemical exposure.
Last updated: 5/20/2010 3:14:14 PM