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UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Bladder cancer is four times more likely to be found in men than women. It is the fourth most frequent cancer diagnosed in men, and the ninth most frequent cancer diagnosed in women. Whites are diagnosed with bladder cancer almost twice as often as blacks. Hispanics have an even lower rate than blacks. In Los Angeles County, in an average year about 6,055 people will be diagnosed with bladder cancer. Of those, 1,245 will die.

Risk Factors
  • Smoking - The greatest risk factor for bladder cancer is smoking. Smokers are more than twice as likely to get bladder cancer as nonsmokers.
  • Race - Whites are about twice as likely to develop bladder cancer than African Americans and Hispanics. Asians have the lowest incidence of bladder cancer.
  • Age - Risk increases with age. More than 70 percent of people with bladder cancer are over 65.
  • Gender - Men get bladder cancer four times more often than women.
  • Chemical Exposure - Chemicals called aromatic amines, such as benzidine and beta-naphthylamine, sometimes used in the dye industry, can cause bladder cancer.

Prevention
To prevent bladder cancer, do not smoke, drink plenty of liquids, avoid chemical exposures and eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables.

Treatment
Treatment options for bladder cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Interferon
  • Intravesical immunotherapy, in which the treatment is placed directly into the bladder through a catheter
  • Chemotherapy
  • Intravesical chemotherapy inside the bladder
  • Radiation therapy
Sources: American Cancer Society, California Cancer Registry
Last updated: 7/10/2008 10:41:23 AM