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UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

There are a number of variables or risk factors associated with bladder cancer:

  • Age: As a person ages, his or her chances of developing bladder cancer increases. It most commonly develops in the 60 to 80-year-old age group, although it can occur in people as young as in the 20’s.
  • Smoking: A person who smokes is at two to three times greater risk of developing bladder cancer than a non-smoker.
  • Certain professions: People who work in an environment where they are exposed to carcinogens (substances that cause cancer) are more likely to get bladder cancer. Professions with the greatest risk are those that require the person to work with rubber, certain dyes, textiles, paint and hairdressing supplies.
  • Some anti-cancer Drugs: Cyclophosphamide and arsenic (used for treating cancer) can increase the risk of bladder cancer.
  • Race: Caucasians are twice as likely to develop bladder cancer than African Americans and Hispanics.
  • Gender: It has been shown that men are two to four times more likely to develop bladder cancer than women.
  • Family History: Having a family member who has had bladder cancer increases a person’s likelihood of developing the disease.
  • Personal History: A person who has had bladder cancer is more likely to see the disease reoccur than a person who has not had bladder cancer.
Last updated: 5/26/2010 3:10:32 PM